Based on the compiled knowledge – including scientific findings as well as traditional knowledge – of their reports and assessments, the Working Groups often develop scientific summaries. These in turn serve as the starting point for a set of policy recommendations and best practices, which are outlined in a brief summary for policy makers or as part of the full report.
While the Working Groups’ assessments and reports follow the process of peer-reviewed scientific publications, the policy recommendations are reviewed and agreed to in consensus by the national representatives of the Arctic states with full consultation and involvement of the Permanent Participants.
The policy recommendations are primarily aimed at the eight Arctic States and six Permanent Participant organizations. However, many issues across the Arctic from biodiversity, to pollution and climate change, require more far reaching actions and thus depend upon the involvement of non-Arctic states, regional and local authorities, industry and all who live, work and travel in the Arctic. The Council’s recommendations may, therefore, also provide a guide for action for states, authorities, and organizations beyond the Arctic Council.
Besides national implementation actions across the Arctic States, recommendations by the Arctic Council have contributed to and influenced international frameworks and conventions.